Arum maculatum with red berries, a poisonous woodland plant

Cuckoo Pint (Arum Maculatum)

The cuckoo pint plant (Arum maculatum) is a colourful, sometimes bizarre-looking flower that has spurred the imaginations of gardeners, naturalists and children for centuries. Native to Europe and North Africa, this perennial of the Araceae family (of nearly 1000 species) can be a nuisance due to its poison and self-pollinating nature. The cuckoo pint has …

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(Silene Flos-Cuculi)

Ragged Robin (Silene Flos-Cuculi)

The ragged robin (scientific name Silene flos-cuculi) is a species of flowering plant in the Caryophyllaceae family and is well known for its distinctive pink flowers. There are many fascinating things to learn about this humble flower, such as how it got its name, its meaning in various cultures around the world, and how it …

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Echium vulgare vipers bugloss blooms in a meadow

Viper’s-Bugloss (Echium Vulgare)

Viper’s-bugloss is a flowering herbaceous plant belonging to the family Boraginaceae. They are perennial plants with an erect stem, hairy leaves and many dense spikes of bright blue or violet funnel-shaped flowers. The scientific name Echium vulgare has two meanings: “vulgar” (common) and “A city of Lydia” (Echium = Echioion). The word “Bugloss” comes from …

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Close-up image of violet high altitude wildflowers

Monkshood (Aconitum Napellus)

Common monkshood is a perennial herb belonging to the genus aconitum and family Ranunculaceae. It is native to Europe and North America; introduced to Australia, New Zealand and parts of East Asia, where it is considered invasive because it has displaced native plants. It is also known as wolfsbane, old wives hood, soldiers helmet, dogs …

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Common knapweed

Knapweed (Centaurea Nigra)

The common knapweed (centaurea nigra), also known by many other common names (lesser knapweed, black knapweed, and brown knapweed) is a flowering plant that is a member of the daisy family. It is native to Europe and North Africa, but has become invasive in some other parts of the world. What Does Knapweed Look Like? …

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Lythrum salicaria, purple loosestrife flowers

Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

Purple loosestrife is an invasive perennial herbaceous plant that grows on the shores of lakes and rivers as well as in moist, shaded areas around ponds and marshes. The closest relative of purple loosestrife is another invasive plant called yellow loosestrife (“Lythrum salicaria”). The two are known for forming impenetrable stands where they grow, causing …

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Marsh marigold flowers in forest during sprintime

Marsh Marigold (Caltha Palustris)

Marsh marigold (caltha palustris) is a member of the buttercup family. It is also known as king cup, caltha biflora (in Europe), and potamogeton cymbalaria (in Latin America). Identification The Marsh marigold is a low growing large buttercup-like flower with heart-shaped scalloped leaves and bright orange or yellow flowers that bloom from March through June. …

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